Jesus Joel Peña Espinosa: “Santa Teresa revolutionized the figure of the woman, of religious and mystical”.

Jesus Joel Peña Espinosa: “Santa Teresa revolutionized the figure of the woman, of religious and mystical”.

Written in: May 26, 2014

Jesus Joel Peña Espinosa, Mexican historian and curator of the exhibition can be seen until next 14 September at the Regional Museum of Puebla (Murep), belonging to the National Institute of Anthropology entitled “Teresa of Jesus and the feminine genius”.

INAH

What is the mission of this sample?
Set in contemporary society dialogue with one of the most important female figures of Western culture, who lived in the sixteenth century. Establishing a relationship of five centuries and discover the life of Teresa today dizzying and secularized, through the values ​​she embodied, locating common aspirations and similar needs. To Mexico, for Puebla, is part of their history and identity; why the National Institute of Anthropology and History aims to contribute in the reflection of a character that marked the history and fueled the inspiration of artists to produce a cultural legacy that belongs to all Mexicans. The interest is to present the personality and work of Teresa of Jesus.

How important is St. Teresa of Avila?
A woman who had a passion for reading, I knew build projects, successfully defended dreams, who worked to achieve goals, he held leadership and ability to teach, but above all he knew exercise their freedom to the fullest.
Highlighting the importance of the figure of Teresa of Jesus has:
– As an expression in the exercise of freedom
– As a manifestation of the feminine genius that is the engine of its own history: He influenced the culture of his time and whose influence transcended space and time.
– As one of the most prominent faces in building a social model in the past 500 years

How stands the profile as a woman who forged their own destiny?
In the case of Teresa of Jesus, We are facing a woman who broke several parameters own feminine behavior of his time and society, the Golden Age Spain.
Teresa's ability to write their own experiences through which revolutionized the figure of the woman, of religious and mystical. In a world in which only males lawyers had authority, He became a teacher of spirituality, government and writer. Despite opposition from the ecclesiastical authorities and monarchical, surveillance of the Inquisition and the bitterness of women who were in the same social and economic status, He became the founder and head of a reform movement to an archetype of life in women and men.
His experience as a writer and mystic, express their religious life as a space for creativity, personal growth and building their own identity. He managed to combine the "obey" their inner voice that led her to undertake tasks and own project. He transgressed established ways for a woman and a nun, making a model which was subsequently followed, with different nuances, other nuns.

What objects brings the sample?
The exhibition is organized into three parts. The first, dedicated to the Carmelite Order, context of life and Teresian work. The second, is concentrated in Teresa of Jesus, his life and his work as a writer, as founder, as a nun, as executing projects, and as mystical, not forgetting important figures who had treatment to achieve their goals. The last part speaks of Teresa in Puebla, with the corollary of his patronage over this city.
The exhibition features more than 40 objects between painting, sculpture, books and various objects, especially the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, from INAH museums like El Carmen, Chapultepec Castle, the Regional Museum of Puebla, the former Convent of Santa Monica, the former Convent of Huejotzingo. The presence of pieces from the ancient Carmelite monasteries poblanos: the San Jose and Santa Teresa and Our Lady of Soledad and San José, and Atlixco Parish and Cathedral of Puebla. The House Museum Library Alfeñique and contribute Palafoxiana work of their collections.

How important is the figure of St. Teresa of Jesus in the city of Puebla?
The Saint of Avila became the fifth sacred entity that angelopolitanos adopted for the protection of the city, after San Miguel, San José, Santa Barbara and the Immaculate Conception. On July 7th of 1628, Puebla City Council accepted the proposal of the Carmelite friars for the feast of St. Teresa of Jesus was decreed in perpetuity as a day to keep mandatory. This culminated a decade in which the figure of Teresa of Avila joined the devotional cycle this city, consolidating its role as patron and protector of Puebla. Devotion to the Holy aroused among angelopolitanos allowed to hold the patronage despite the challenges that occurred in Spain by supporters of single sponsorship of St. James. In the city of Puebla there were three heiresses houses Teresian work, a convent of friars and two monasteries of nuns; Convent of Our Lady of Remedies and the monasteries of Santa Teresa and Our Lady of Solitude. Joined them, in the diocese of Puebla Atlixco Carmelite convents were erected, Orizaba and Tehuacan.

 

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