Teresa of Jesus, woman
For the P. Luis Javier Fernández Frontela, Order of the Discalced Carmel.
The new media, as was the railroad, allowing the movement of large masses in less time, will favor the phenomenon of pilgrimage. And this means will be employed by Henry de Osso, propaganditas great devotion to the Holy in the nineteenth century, to carry a large number of pilgrims from different backgrounds to the Teresian places, Avila and Alba de Tormes.
The departure of the Pilgrims of Tortosa took place early in the afternoon 20 August 1878. Before departing pilgrims celebrated Mass at the altar of the Confraternity of Santa Teresa, in the church of San Antonio, then visited the Virgin of the Tape, and after praying the Litany of Loreto and sing the Salve, they went to the station, where they joined with pilgrims from Barcelona, Grace, Mataró and Tarragona.
The train I rode was adorned with garlands and the front wall of one of their cars had a picture of Santa Teresa, "The Spanish Heroine". Crossing the Ebro sang the song of the pilgrimage. In Vinaroz pilgrims joined the General Director of the Confraternity, the penitential canon of Tortosa Jacinto Peñarroya, who had attended prior to taking sea baths Vinaroz.
They arrived in Valencia on the night of 20. On the morning of 21 celebrated Mass at the Basilica of Our Lady of the Abandoned, departing by train to Madrid to 6 afternoon. In the Encina Sale pilgrims from Alicante joined. A whole day I hard the journey to Madrid, where they arrived at six in the afternoon of 22. Here in Madrid were joined by pilgrims from Zaragoza. In Madrid they did the night 23, on the morning train, they went to Avila, passing through Las Navas del Marqués, where the train stop a few minutes, drawing pilgrims to buy clay jugs filled with milk.
In Ávila pilgrims were received by Bishop Pedro José Sánchez Carrascosa, and Fray Ramón Moreno, Mexican Barefoot Carmelite, Bishop of Eumenia and administrator of the Baja California, then organized a procession in which "went before all the banners of religious corporations Ávila, following, in neat rows, Pilgrims, preceded the banner that brought the Teresian Tortosa, and had first deployed in Ávila. Closed the procession the two Bishops. The procession went to the Church of San Antonio, where the Virgin is venerated Porter; from there they marched to the Church of the Holy, accompanied by 6 Discalced Carmelites and twelve Dominicans, that "sang loudly, the Holy Rosary ".
Already in the Holy, They could see a number of relics of St. Teresa: "In an altar there was a lot of beautiful reliquaries of Santa Teresa. One of his staff, a rosary, espadrille soles of his've seen there, Sending thousand loving kisses to all these objects that belonged to the beloved of my heart ", and after the Te Deum Song Bishop of Avila began a sermon than an hour, and, finished the "eloquent improvisation Bishop", Eugenia Bishop blessed them. While the pilgrims left the Church P. Ossó opportunity to visit "the toilet Loves Teresa", Chapel, raised, according to tradition, on the room where Teresa of Jesus was born, whom he calls "my dove", and tells us that "there I embraced with all the tenderness that I am able, figurándomela very cute girl, seraphim charm and sweetness of hearts ".
In the afternoon the pilgrims visited the cathedral and fell to the convent of Santo Tomas, where they worshiped the Holy Christ before which the Holy prayed and visited the place where the Saint "confessed with Father Ibáñez.
Earlier on 24, anniversary of the first Teresian foundation, was held at Holy Mass General Communion, preside the Bishop of Avila, directing the first word Prelate, in "a talk full of anointing and softness", and after the act of Communion D. Manuel Méndez García Nava, that made "as pious discourse as rich doctrine". Then the pilgrims were presented at the Palace of the Counts of Superunda with a sumptuous breakfast, which, chaired by a portrait of the Holy, "It was served with great care and encouraged by the very kind phrases that pilgrims heading Condes, and the joy that bathed his face ".
In the morning visited San José de Ávila, and four p.m. met in the church of San Juan, and from there they went in procession to the Convent of the Incarnation. Around, through the basilica of San Vicente, went down to visit the cave where the Virgin of Soterraña venerates.
At dusk, all pilgrims went singing to La Santa, which were dismissed by the bishop, to announce that they accompany Salamanca and Alba, together with the Bishop of Eumenia, burst into a shout of Live St. Teresa of Jesus! Finally, the vicar of the diocese invite all pilgrims to go to the episcopal palace, where they were presented with "a splendid drink and dinner".
That night went to Medina del Campo, where, while waiting for the train that would lead them to Salamanca, ate some grapes from the vine brought the convent of Discalced Carmelites. Pedroso reached the Armunia the train stopped, the same day the track section was opened between this village and Salamanca, the bishops who accompanied the blessed pilgrimage route. Already in Salamanca, where the station is opened for the first time to the public, were greeted by a crowd of people, including the bishop of the diocese, Narciso Martinez Izquierdo, with the canons, the bishops of Oviedo, Benito Sanz and Forés, lectoral ancient canon of Tortosa and personal friend of Henry de Osso, and the Discalced Carmelites in their white coats. From the station they went to the church of San Marcos, where they sang the Salve. Afternoon in the church of the Carmelites there was religious function, with exposition of the Blessed and sermon. From the Discalced Carmelites were in procession to the Clergy, where they were informed of the final leg of the journey to Alba de Tormes.
At dusk the day 25 a group of pilgrims, others would at dawn the next day, came in cars and on foot, to Alba: "It was two o'clock when we arrived at the sight of this happy people". Accounts P. It Ossó that "descry illuminated by the rays of the moon, we dropped the car where we were, we knelt facing the people and we kissed the dusty road where many times he had to spend Teresa, singing Prayer; and in silence and prayer we have entered Alba ", going to the tomb of Santa Teresa, where pilgrims, as they would come, "Prostrated with more edifying piety".