Cospedal presented in January programming V Centenary of St. Teresa of Jesus
By Luis J. F. Frontela.
The Council of Trent had commanded not admit of new miracles, or new relics were taken, unless they were recognized and approved by the bishop. It is also true that you could not have a new saint if there were no miracles and relics were the object of devotion by the faithful. So up to 1591, 15 October, Bishop of Salamanca, Jerónimo Manrique Figueroa, after visiting Alba de Tormes where it makes sure the uncorrupted state of the body of Mother Teresa, and “Our Lord had done great in it”, and for having the Mother Teresa “Holy and exemplary life”, commands that start given to the reporting process of beatification, being the first respondent P. Domingo Báñez and his first biographer P. Francisco Rivera. At the suggestion of Philip II's papal nuncio, Camilo Gaetano, between 1595-1597, commands to perform an informative process in places where Mother Teresa lived or was known: Avila (1595), Segovia (1595), Piedrahita (1595-96), Toledo (1595-96), Lisbon (1595), Madrid (1595-96), Huete (1595), Crow (1595), Villanueva de la Jara (1596), Malagón (1596). Gathering all the information gathered was sent to Rome in 1597, accompanied by letters of Philip II and Empress Maria in demanding that “take into account the early canonization of Teresa insigne”, joined to this request of the provincial council of Tarragona, of the Congregation of the Cathedrals and Churches metropolitan kingdoms of Castile and Leon, and the universities of Salamanca and Alcala. Don Fernando de Toledo, uncle the Duke of Alba, He bequeathed 14.000 ducats to further the cause of Mother Teresa in Rome “through the front view of the sanctity of the Holy Mother Teresa of Jesus”.
From Rome, Father Jerome Gracian transmitted to the Pope, then Paul V, the desire to start the process. Paul V had read the compendium of the life of the Virgin de Ávila P. Juan de Jesús María, where testimonies on Mother Teresa were collected, including miracles attributed to it. In 1604 The procedure starts with apostolic authority. At its conclusion is published. The Brief of beatification of Mother Teresa, signed by Paul V in Rome 24 April 1614, declared: "In, carefully examined this cause, through our venerable brethren the Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, deputies to the sacred Rites, to entrust his studio and heard a favorable advice to these requests, grant that henceforth it can be held in all the monasteries and churches of the Order of Discalced Carmelites and by all religious of both sexes the Office and Mass of the Blessed Virgin Teresa and, the day of his glorious transit, namely, Day 5 of October and in the town of Alba, Diocese of Salamanca, in the monastery and church in the body of the Blessed Teresa is saved, they can all priests, both secular and regular, pray and celebrate respectively Office and Mass in honor of Blessed Teresa said, according to the rubrics of the Roman Breviary and Missal, grace, by virtue of Our Apostolic authority and these lyrics, grant to perpetuity, notwithstanding any Apostolic Constitutions and Ordinations, nor anything to the contrary ".
The relics of Blessed Teresa of Jesus
It is characteristic of the Baroque world, and devotion to the saints in that context, the veneration of relics, because “reigning together con Christ” in the sky, pray for men, hence the utility go to them and rely. The Council of Trent recommended that the faithful should venerate the holy relics, but, while calling for all superstition is avoided in the invocation of the saints, recommending that take “as north and spiritual guide”, the example of the saints through which God performs miracles. In this taste and devotion to relics was not going to escape Mother Teresa, who died in praise of holiness, we will attend the multiplication of relics from the Spanish geography and even European, as his fame beyond the borders of the Spanish kingdoms. When Cortes of Aragon, in 1611, Paulo V ask the beatification of Mother Teresa among the arguments they are: “what miracles every day the Divine Majesty work through their relics, are obvious indications that this pristine glory is in heaven”.
Although the body of Santa Teresa, after shipments of Alba Avila Avila and Alba, will be allowed to stand in the latter town, is not full, but very mutilated, because of him many relics were removed. And in 1583, F. Gracian cut body left hand, that in an ark, delivered to the nuns of S. José de Ávila, and that 1585, passing through Avila, took her to Lisbon. Right hand fingers were scattered in various places: Brussels, Paris, Rome, Avila and Seville. The right foot was taken to the convent of Discalced Carmelites of St. Mary of the Scale of Rome. This relic was sent in 1616 by the P. José de Jesús María, General of the Congregation of Spain, to P. Fernando de Santa María, General of the Congregation of Italy. Scarcely had reached the relic to Rome, when Pope Paul V went to the convent accompanied Scale 18 Cardinals, He entered the novitiate chapel and, kneeling took hold of the foot of the Blessed and kissed. One of the clavicles body ended in Brussels, and it is not easy to determine the whereabouts of the countless bits of meat, extracted from the body of Mother Teresa. In San Pancrazio, seminar Carmelite Missions, a fragment of jaw was kept with some teeth. The Carmelites of Madrid venerate a piece of meat in the form of heart, another piece of meat and some of the scapular those of Valladolid, and another the Malagon. Those of S. José de Ávila, finger.
But it was not just pieces of the body of Mother Teresa who spread, also pieces of cloth soaked in his blood, Account Ana Jesus in 1595 going from Madrid to Salamanca accompanied by two Descalzos religious, were diverted to Alba de Tormes to visit the body of Mother Teresa, and I saw that he was flexible,, and a wound in the back could soak some wipes in fresh blood: “Lleváronlos I say religious were present, Madrid, and showed beyond one's father Fr. Diego de Yepes, confessor of King, he asked them diesen to show to His Majesty in respect of all that it happened”.
P. Jerome Gracian, XIII of the Dialogue Pilgrimage Anastasio, reflects one of the miracles wrought by a relic, a piece of meat, Mother Teresa a niece of Cardinal Baronio, nun in the monastery of San José de Monte Pincio, in 1602: “In this monastery it came to bringing out some meat Church of Mother Teresa who were there, gave much softness and fragrance smell, that coming to news of His Holiness, the license granted asked him to put on the altar portrait of the Holy Mother, which is a genre of beatification, and took great care to make errands and give brief and commissions canonized”.
As objects of Mother Teresa, counted relics, were scattered monasteries: Mother of the staff that used in old age, a rosary and a sandal went to San José de Ávila. A Discalced of Zaragoza came belt habit that was buried, and which said Diego de Yepes continually dripped a few drops of oil with the color of blood, and that she had done many miracles in the city. The Carmelites of Calahorra was to stop the Veil of the Mother of Granada and the sheet where the body of the mother was involved while remained in San José de Ávila.
We should not forget the importance acquired the image of Mother Teresa. Account Duchess of Frias, who was at the head of your bed a picture of Mother, that being to die invoked the Mother Teresa of Jesus telling her: "Look you have been my friend, and ye shall be now ".
The faithful, they were taking devotion to Mother Teresa, were convinced that his portrait taambién pound of evil. Accounts P. Francisco de Rivera, first biographer of Mother Teresa, that "Hernando de Trejo, native of Seville, Servant of God, and always exercised in works of virtue, It was so much persecuted demons, sometimes appear to him to visibly. And once being very tormented, because there were many days that bothered him and not let him sosegar, was to take a picture of Our Lady the Virgin Mary, to show the demons, hoping that it would flee; and unintentionally, took a picture of Mother Teresa, without seeing what was, set it against the demons, with voices that gave, the atormentaban. In showing the picture, then the point so great was the haste with which fled, howling, as if with great force cast them away, and he was free from outside disturbances and inner anguish he had ".